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Dutch awards to Canadians for World War II

Caldwell - Churchill

Caldwell, Howard James

Known awards: BK

Bronzen Kruis
Bronze Cross
   Royal Decree no. 2 of 8 December, 1945
   Sergeant (D82797), 2nd Canadian Corps, 2nd Canadian Infantry Division, 5th Canadian Infantry Brigade, 1st Battalion The Black Watch of Canada, Royal Highlanders of Canada
   Recommendation:

On the 13th of October 1944, near WOENSDRECHT, HOLLAND, the battalion attacked and, coming under observed enemy artillery and machine gun fire, suffered very heavy casualties. Sergeant Caldwell, an anti-tank gun section commander, seeing that, owing to the nature of the ground, it was impossible to deploy his gun, volunteered to lead his section in an effort to remove the casualties.
Working in complete darkness, crawling through deep mud over group constantly under enemy artillery and small arms fire, Sergeant Caldwell courageously and untiringly led and encouraged his section until every casualty was removed from the position, not a man was left behind.
When handling his guns Sergeant Caldwell has always shown the greatest fortitude and aggressiveness, regardless of the intensity of enemy fire, and has been a constant source of inspiration to those serving with him.

   Citation:

Tijdens de gevechten ter bevrijding van het bezette Nederlandsche grondgebied moedig en beleidvol optreden getoond tegenover den vijand en een bijzondere plichtsbetrachting aan den dag gelegd.

Source: Meijer (1990), p. 245 ; Canada Gazette of 22 December, 1945 ; with special thanks to R. Kolen

Caldwell, Henry Winnett

Known awards: BL

Bronzen Leeuw
Bronze Lion
   Royal Decree no. 2 of 8 December, 1945
   Major, Royal Regiment of Canada
   Citation:

Tijdens de gevechten ter bevrijding van het bezette Nederlandsche grondgebied zich onderscheiden door het bedrijven van bijzonder moedige en beleidvolle daden. In alle opzichten een loffelijk voorbeeld gegeven onder moeilijke omstandigheden.

Source: Meijer (1990), p. 221 ; Canada Gazette of 22 December, 1945

Calleghan, H.

Known awards: BL

Bronzen Leeuw
Bronze Lion
   Royal Decree no. 29 of 31 July, 1945
   Acting Sergeant, Canadian Army

Source: Meijer (1990), p. 221

Cameron, John Allan

Known awards: ON.5x

Ridder in de Orde van Oranje-Nassau met de zwaarden
Knight in the Order Orange-Nassau with swords
   Royal Decree no. 2 of 8 December, 1945
   Captain, Royal Canadian Army Service Corps
   Citation:

Wegens de uitstekende diensten, door genoemde officieren aan het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden bewezen, bij de voorbereiding en uitvoering van de operaties der Canadeesche strijdkrachten ter bevrijding van het grondgebied in EUROPA in de periode van September 1944 tot Mei 1945.

Source: Canada Gazette of 22 December, 1945 ; with special thanks to H. Halliday

Campbell, David

Known awards: BL

Bronzen Leeuw
Bronze Lion
   Royal Decree no. 2 of 8 December, 1945
   Major, Canadian Infantry Corps
   Citation:

Tijdens de gevechten ter bevrijding van het bezette Nederlandsche grondgebied zich onderscheiden door het bedrijven van bijzonder moedige en beleidvolle daden. In alle opzichten een loffelijk voorbeeld gegeven onder moeilijke omstandigheden.

Source: Meijer (1990), p. 221 ; Canada Gazette of 22 December, 1945

Campbell, Joseph William

Born in Newport on 8 May, 1921. Killed in action near Bathmen (Netherlands) on 8 April, 1945.
Known awards: MWO.4

Ridder 4e klasse der Militaire Willems-Orde
Knight 4th class of the Military William's Order
   Royal Decree no. 2 of 8 December, 1945 (posthume)
   Lance Corporal (F60646), Canadian Infantry Corps, North Nova Scotia Highlanders
   The recommendation reads as follows:

Acting Corporal Joseph William Campbell was a Section Commander in "C" Company, North Nova Scotia Highlanders, from the Nijmegen breakout until the 8th April 1945. On that date, during the advance of the 9th Canadian Infantry Brigade into the North of Holland to cut off the enemy forces in the West, the North Nova Scotia highlanders were ordered to secure a bridgehead over the canal at Bathmen, Holland. "C" Company was given the task of making the initial assault crossing. At the Forming Up Point the Company came under heavy machine gun and mortar fire and also found that the approaches to the demolished bridge were heavily mined. Corporal Campbell resolutely leading his men right to the edge of the canal, with utter disregard for his personal safety, kept them steady by moving one to the other with words of encouragement. When the signal was given for the leading section to rush across, Corporal Campbell (with outstanding coolness and courage) led his men across the wreckage of the blown bridge. A smoke screen hid his movement from the enemy, positioned at a distance from the canal but Corporal Campbell soon found that there were two machine gun posts dug right into the opposite bank. In spite of the deadly cross-fire which suddenly came at him from close range, hitting two of his men, Corporal Campbell led the remainder of his Section in a swift attack on the opposite dyke. Using his Sten gun with great effectiveness he personally dealt with one of the enemy machine gun posts. He then placed his bren gun in position to cover him, and led his riflemen in a bayonet assault on the other Spandau. At point blank range the enemy weapon opened up on him. Corporal Campbell was killed a few seconds before his men, whom he had inspired by his leadership, jumped into the enemy trench and finished his job.
The dyke was cleared and the remainder of his Company immediately moved across the canal and into the town of Bathmen. Corporal Campbell's outstanding bravery in this action, enabled his Battalion to continue its swift advance into Northern Holland, without giving the Germans the delay they wanted. He gave his life in a manner that was beyond praise.

   Citation:

Tijdens de gevechten ter bevrijding van het bezette Nederlandsche grondgebied zich onderscheiden door het bedrijven van uitstekende daden van moed, beleid en trouw. Daarbij herhaaldelijk blijk gegeven van buitengewone plichtsbetrachting en groot doorzettingsvermogen en in alle opzichten, door een loffelijk voorbeeld, een inspiratie geweest voor allen in die roemvolle dagen, waarbij hij zelf het leven heeft gelaten.

Source: Maalderink (1982), p. 283 ; Canada Gazette of 22 December, 1945 ; with special thanks to H. Halliday

Campbell, Phillip Gerald (Gerald Philip?)

Known awards: BK

Bronzen Kruis
Bronze Cross
   Royal Decree no. 2 of 8 December, 1945
   Sergeant (C118516), 2nd Canadian Corps, 2nd Canadian Infantry Division, 4th Canadian Infantry Brigade, Essex Scottish, Canadian Infantry Corps
   Recommendation:

Throughout the whole campaign in HOLLAND, Sergeant CAMPBELL’S record of meritorious service has, with the Essex Scottish Regiment, been outstanding. As a mortar fire controller he carried out his tasks with unfailing devotion to duty. On numerous occasions by exposing himself to enemy fire in order to observe the effect of his own weapons, he produced mortar support with great accuracy and effect at critical stages in the Regiments’ battles.
This was particularly so at GRONINGEN on the 16 April, 1945, when Sergeant CAMPBELL engaged an enemy held power plant near the town. So skilfully was the target subjected to mortar fire by Sergeant CAMPBELLS’ close observation, in spite of enemy small arms weapons, that an enemy Colonel and one hundred and twenty-one other ranks surrendered without further action by the Regiment.
Sergeant CAMPBELL’S cheerful willingness to carry out his duties has been an inspiration to his men.
Quick to accept the responsibilities of command, he has been an example of extreme loyalty and soldierly efficiency to all ranks of the Essex Scottish Regiment.

   Citation:

Tijdens de gevechten ter bevrijding van het bezette Nederlandsche grondgebied moedig en beleidvol optreden getoond tegenover den vijand en een bijzondere plichtsbetrachting aan den dag gelegd.

Source: Meijer (1990),p p. 245 ; Canada Gazette of 22 December, 1945 ; with special thanks to R. Kolen

Caron, Roger (Carron?)

Born in Quebec on 30 January, 1921. Died on 21 July, 1950.
Known awards: MWO.4

Ridder 4e klasse der Militaire Willems-Orde
Knight 4th class of the Military William's Order
   Royal Decree no. 2 of 8 December, 1945
   Acting Captain (Lieutenant), Canadian Infantry Corps, Royal 22e Regiment
   Recommendation:

At about 1200 hours on 24 April 1945, D Company of the Royal 22e Regiment was halted in the woods in its advance towards Amrstoort by heavy machine gun fire from the road Hoogland - Vinkehoel. Lieutenant Caron of "B" Company was detailed by his Commanding Officer to outflank this pocket of resistance with his platoon supported by one AVRE tank. The enemy were dug in on each side of the road and the road was blocked by felled trees. Lieutenant Caron advanced with his platoon close behind the AVRE tank which was firing as it moved forward. Then, dashing ahead of the tank, he and his platoon began to shoot the Germans out of their positions. In so doing, the platoon suddenly came under enfilade fire from two machine guns. The platoon was pinned to the ground and the tank was unable to give supporting fire because of the closeness of the platoon to the enemy. Showing complete disregard for his own personal safety, Lieutenant Caron dashed forward under the machine gun fire and jumped into a slit trench which was occupied by a German Officer. After several minutes of struggle, Lieutenant Caron disarmed his enemy and at the point of his pistol obliged the Officer to march with his arms raised towards the machine gun and order his men to cease fire. In this way, Lieutenant Caron personally captured the two machine guns which were pinning down his platoon. Then his platoon, inspired by his courage, dashed forward and cleaned out the whole position, capturing sixty-five of the enemy.

   Citation:

Tijdens de gevechten ter bevrijding van het bezette Nederlandsche grondgebied zich onderscheiden door het bedrijven van uitstekende daden van moed, beleid en trouw. Daarbij herhaaldelijk blijk gegeven van buitengewone plichtsbetrachting en groot doorzettingsvermogen en in alle opzichten, door een loffelijk voorbeeld, een inspiratie geweest voor allen in die roemvolle dagen.

Source: Maalderink (1982), p. 284 ; Canada Gazette of 22 December, 1945 ; with special thanks to H. Halliday

Carriere, Antoine Rosaire

Known awards: BL

Bronzen Leeuw
Bronze Lion
   Royal Decree no. 2 of 8 December, 1945
   Sergeant (D150059), Canadian Infantry Corps
   Citation:

Tijdens de gevechten ter bevrijding van het bezette Nederlandsche grondgebied zich onderscheiden door het bedrijven van bijzonder moedige en beleidvolle daden. In alle opzichten een loffelijk voorbeeld gegeven onder moeilijke omstandigheden.

Source: Meijer (1990), p. 221 ; Canada Gazette of 22 December, 1945

Carsley, Cecil Frank

Born in Montreal, Quebec, on 16 February, 1912.
Known awards: MBE,ON.4x

Officier in de Orde van Oranje-Nassau met de zwaarden
Officer in the Order of Orange-Nassau with swords
   Royal Decree no. 2 of 8 December, 1945
   Major
   Citation:

Wegens de uitstekende diensten, door genoemde officieren aan het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden bewezen, bij de voorbereiding en uitvoering van de operaties der Canadeesche strijdkrachten ter bevrijding van het grondgebied in EUROPA in de periode van September 1944 tot Mei 1945.

Source: Canada Gazette of 22 December, 1945 ; with special thanks to H. Halliday

Casey, Frank Thomas Leslie

Known awards: BK

Bronzen Kruis
Bronze Cross
   Royal Decree no. 2 of 8 December, 1945
   Private (Acting Corporal) (B38022), 2nd Canadian Corps, 2nd Canadian Infantry Division, 4th Canadian Infantry Brigade, Royal Hamilton Light Infantry, Canadian Infantry Corps
   Recommendation:

Corporal Casey first came to the forefront as an exceptionally good non-commissioned officer in HOLLAND. He commanded a section of “Wasp” flame throwers, bringing these dangerous but effective weapons to bear with outstanding success on numerous occasions.
At GRAENPOLDER, Holland he led his section of “Wasps” against an enemy strong point, over open country which offered no protection of any kind. Although one machine was knocked out and several of his men wounded, the attack was pushed through so successfully that the Brigade group was able to continue with the work of clearing the SCHELDE.
The gallantry and devotion to duty of Corporal Casey were a source of high satisfaction to the unit.

   Citation:

Tijdens de gevechten ter bevrijding van het bezette Nederlandsche grondgebied moedig en beleidvol optreden getoond tegenover den vijand en een bijzondere plichtsbetrachting aan den dag gelegd.

Source: Meijer (1990), p. 245 ; Canada Gazette of 22 December, 1945 ; with special thanks to R. Kolen

Chadwick, Leonard James

Known awards: BL

Bronzen Leeuw
Bronze Lion
   Royal Decree no. 2 of 8 December, 1945
   Lieutenant, Royal Canadian Armoured Corps
   Citation:

Tijdens de gevechten ter bevrijding van het bezette Nederlandsche grondgebied zich onderscheiden door het bedrijven van bijzonder moedige en beleidvolle daden. In alle opzichten een loffelijk voorbeeld gegeven onder moeilijke omstandigheden.

Source: Meijer (1990), p. 221 ; Canada Gazette of 22 December, 1945

Chard, Gifford Robert

Known awards: BL

Bronzen Leeuw
Bronze Lion
   Royal Decree no. 2 of 8 December, 1945
   Lance-Sergeant (B24330), Canadian Infantry Corps
   Citation:

Tijdens de gevechten ter bevrijding van het bezette Nederlandsche grondgebied zich onderscheiden door het bedrijven van bijzonder moedige en beleidvolle daden. In alle opzichten een loffelijk voorbeeld gegeven onder moeilijke omstandigheden.

Source: Meijer (19900), p. 221 ; Canada Gazette of 22 December, 1945

Chater, Hartley Ernest

Known awards: OBE,ON.4x

Officier in de Orde van Oranje-Nassau met de zwaarden
Officer in the Order of Orange-Nassau with swords
   Royal Degree No. 29 of 11 November, 1946
   Lieutenant Colonel, Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps

Source: Canada Gazette of 15 February, 1947 ; with special thanks to H. Halliday

Christianson, Glen Oliver

Known awards: BK

Bronzen Kruis
Bronze Cross
   Royal Decree no. 2 of 8 December, 1945
   Bombardier (M18), 1st Canadian Corps, 1st Canadian Infantry Division, 1st Anti-Tank Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery
   Recommendation:

During the Canadian offensive after the crossing of the IJSSEL River 11 April 1945, this NCO was a gun sergeant in “I” Troop, 57 Battery, 1 Anti-tank Regiment RCA.
The fighting at that time was very slow with as many as three deployments in a single night. This NCO on one deployment carried out the personal supervision of two guns which were firing at enemy emplacements and houses at MR 462054, Holland, Sheet 2, 1/100,000, containing machine-gunners and snipers which had already killed two men of a six-man patrol of “D” Company West Nova Scotia Regiment. Under this direction the firing of these guns was destroyed before the enemy could retaliate.
By this outstanding performance, the four remaining men of the infantry patrol were able to withdraw to the cover of their own company positions with information which not only saved the lives of many of their comrades, but materially assisted in the success of the operation.

   Citation:

Tijdens de gevechten ter bevrijding van het bezette Nederlandsche grondgebied moedig en beleidvol optreden getoond tegenover den vijand en een bijzondere plichtsbetrachting aan den dag gelegd.

Source: Meijer (1990), p. 246 ; Canada Gazette of 22 December, 1945 ; with special thanks to R. Kolen

Churchill, Rae Edward

Enl. Vancouver 26-09-1940. Trained at No.2 ITS (grad. 03-01-1941), No.16 EFTS (grad. 20-02-1941) and No. 10 SFTS (grad. 07-06-1941), served with RAF no. 295 Sqdr.
Known awards: VK

Vliegerkruis
Flying Cross
   Royal Decree no. 27 of 17 October, 1946
   Flight Lieutenant, Royal Canadian Air Force, with the R.A.F. no. 295 Squadron
   Recommendation:

Flight Lieutenant Churchill completed a tour of operations with this squadron in May 1945. During this tour he carried out 21 operational sorties over the Continent in support of the Underground Movements of France and Holland. Also he took part in the three major Airborne Invasions over the Continent. Of these 21 sorties, 19 were highly successful.
On the night of the 3rd/4th of February 1945, Flight Lieutenant Churchill was captain of an aircraft detailed to drop two S.A.S. troops and five containers on FABIAN 23. This operation was completely successful.
During his tour Flight Lieutenant Churchill proved himself to be an extremely capable and efficient captain of aircraft. He displayed great courage and devotion to duty in the face of extremely bad flying weather and heavy enemy opposition and he always showed great keenness for operational flying.

   Citation:

Behoorende tot "38 Group R.A.F." tijdens de gevechten ter bevrijding van het bezette Nederlandsch grondgebied in 1945 moedig en beleidvol optreden getoond bij den aanvoer vanuit de lucht voor eigen troepen en voor Nederlandsche ondergrondsche strijdkrachten en daarbij een bijzondere plichtsbetrachting aan den dag gelegd.

  For (translation):

Gallantry and leadership displayed during the operations for the liberation of Netherlands enemy-occupied territory in 1945, while in charge, as a member of 38 Group R.A.F., of supplying Allied Troops and the Dutch Underground Forces from the air, thereby showing an exceptional devotion to duty.

Source: Meijer et al. (1997), p. 164,186-187,231 ; with special thanks to H. Halliday